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关于餐桌礼仪的论文 关于餐桌礼仪的论文怎麽写

  American Table Manners

  American Table MannersServing and Being Served, a Few PointersThe Secret to the Formal Place SettingA Brief History of the Fork, Knife and SpoonHow to Use a Fork, Knife, and SpoonHow to Use a NapkinEtiquette Tips and PitfallsWhat You Can Eat with Your FingersEating Customs in ChinaChinese BanquetsChopsticks

  The Role of Manners?

  There is not much call for a complete working knowledge of table manners in America today. Many families only gather all at once around the dinner table at holiday feasts, and most restaurants are too casual to require, or even to allow for, more than basic good table manners. If, having dropped his napkin, a diner at a bistro were to attempt to practice proper etiquette by signaling a member of the staff to bring a fresh one, he would probably have to do without a napkin at all. Try as he might to make eye contact and indicate the nature of the problem with a subtle wiggle of the eyebrow and downward flicker of the glance, he is likely to succeed only in causing his date to think he is making a play for the server. Although strict good manners forbid placing a used eating utensil back on the table, the server removing a plate on which a fork has quite properly been positioned "pointing at 11 o'clock" might just plop that item back where it started, making more of a clatter than if the diner had simply done it herself.

  From time to time -- perhaps at an important business dinner, a romantic date at an expensive restaurant, or a first dinner with the family of the person who may be "the One" -- it is necessary to display a more sophisticated knowledge of table etiquette. This is not difficult, once you have mastered the basics. Anyone armed with this core knowledge and the ability to adapt smoothly to the situation at hand will be able to handle even the most formal event. The goal is not, after all, to demonstrate utter mastery of the most arcane details of etiquette (which would be quite difficult considering the wide variations of customs in different cultures and from generation to generation), but rather to behave with graciousness and poise at the table.

  Mastering the Basics

  Much of the difficulty encountered in learning table manners derives from the struggle to master the ritual handling of the various tools involved. In order to display the right social veneer, it is necessary to sit at the table with elegant ease and wield the utensils with aplomb. The diner who leaves the napkin folded on his plate until it obstructs the placement of his appetizer plate reveals his lack of training. The dinner party guest who observes with dismay the array of flatware on either side of her plate, need only take the time to learn the simple secret to the plan. There are, of course, a few tips and pitfalls to be aware of, as well as the occasional surprising item you can eat with your hands. Here is a quick guide which will help steer you through even the most formal of occasions.

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  China Dining Custom

  Table Manners

  The main difference between Chinese and western eating habits is that unlike the West, where everyone has their own plate of food, in China the dishes are placed on the table and everybody shares. If you are being treated by a Chinese host, be prepared for a ton of food. Chinese are very proud of their culture of cuisine and will do their best to show their hospitality.

  And sometimes the Chinese host use their chopsticks to put food in your bowl or plate. This is a sign of politeness. The appropriate thing to do would be to eat the whatever-it-is and say how yummy it is. If you feel uncomfortable with this, you can just say a polite thank you and leave the food there.

  Eating No-no's

  Don't stick your chopsticks upright in the rice bowl.Instead,lay them on your dish. The reason for this is that when somebody dies,the shrine to them contains a bowl of sand or rice with two sticks of incense stuck upright in it. So if you stick your chopsticks in the rice bowl, it looks like this shrine and is equivalent to wishing death upon a person at the table!

  Make sure the spout of the teapot is not facing anyone. It is impolite to set the teapot down where the spout is facing towards somebody. The spout should always be directed to where nobody is sitting, usually just outward from the table.

  Don't tap on your bowl with your chopsticks.Beggars tap on their bowls, so this is not polite.Also, when the food is coming too slow in a restarant, people will tap their bowls. If you are in someone's home,it is like insulting the cook.

  Drinking

  Gan Bei! (Cheers! “Gan Bei” literally means “dry [the] glass”) Besides beer, the official Chinese alcoholic beverage is Bai Jiu,high-proof Chinese liquor made from assorted grains. There are varying degrees of Bai Jiu. The Beijing favorite is called Er Guo Tou, which is a whopping 56% alcohol. More expensive are Maotai and Wuliangye.

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关于西方餐桌礼仪的论文2000字

国人吃饭比较随兴,很可能聊到开心处,就大声说笑,或是把餐厅当作自己家一样让小孩子跑来跑去,这在西方国家是相当不得体的喔!尤其如果我们是吃西式餐厅,而不是在中国餐厅,一定要注意餐桌礼节。餐巾应该要铺放在腿上,不是别在领口上的,更不可以拿餐巾来擦桌子或餐具!使用刀叉的时候,倒没有禁忌不可以拿着叉子讲话,因为在外国,放下餐具表示你已经吃完,准备请服务生来收走了。当然啦,如果要比手画脚的时候例外,毕竟拿着刀叉挥舞还是挺不安全的! 享用食物的时候安静是基本的礼貌,像是喝汤、嚼食物都不应该出声音,打嗝的声音尤其会惹人白眼,万一打嗝发出了声音,应该对同桌的人说「Excuse me」表示歉意。千万不要塞得满嘴的食物,慢慢一口一口吃。发表意见时,应该等食物完全吞下去之后再讲话,不可以一边嚼一边讲话。如果有鱼刺或骨头,应该尽量先用刀叉挑出来或切除掉,再放到嘴里面,不适合嚼一嚼之后再用嘴巴吐出来,假如不得已必须要这样做,也最好悄悄地、稍微用餐巾布遮掩一下比较好喔。 1、预约的窍门。越高档的饭店越需要事先预约。预约时,不仅要说清人数和时间,也要表明是否要吸烟区或视野良好的座位。如果是生日或其他特别的日子,可以告知宴会的目的和预算。在预定时间内到达,是基本的礼貌。 · 2、再昂贵的休闲服,也不能随意穿着上餐厅。 · 3、吃饭时穿着得体是欧美人的常识。去高档的餐厅,男士要穿着整洁的上衣和皮鞋;女士要穿套装和有跟的鞋子。如果指定穿正式服装的话,男士必须打领带。 · 4、由椅子的左侧入座.最得体的入座方式是从左侧入座。当椅子被拉开后,身体在几乎要碰到桌子的距离站直,领位者会把椅子推进来,腿弯碰到后面的椅子时,就可以坐下来。 · 5、用餐时,上臂和背部要靠到椅背,腹部和桌子保持约一个拳头的距离,两脚交叉的坐姿最好避免。 · 6、正式的全套餐点上菜顺序是:①菜和汤②鱼肝油③水果④肉类⑤乳酷酪⑥甜点和咖啡⑦水果,还有餐前酒和餐酒。没有必要全部都点,点太多却吃不完反而失礼。稍有水准的餐厅都不欢迎只点前菜的人。前菜、主菜(鱼或肉择其一)加甜点是最恰当的组合。点菜并不是由前菜开始点,而是先选一样最想吃的主菜,再配上适合主菜的汤。 · 7、点酒时不要硬装内行。在高级餐厅里,会有精于品酒的调酒师拿酒单来.对酒不大了解的人,最好告诉他自己挑选的菜色、预算、喜爱的酒类口味,请调酒师帮忙挑选。 · 8、主菜若是肉类应搭配红酒,鱼类则搭配白酒。上菜之前,不妨来杯香槟、雪利酒或吉尔酒等较淡的酒。 · 9、餐巾在用餐前就可以打开。点完菜后,在前菜送来前的这段时间把餐巾打开,往内摺三分之一,让三分之二平铺在腿上,盖住膝盖以上的双腿部分。最好不要把餐巾塞入领口。 · 10、用三根手指轻握杯脚。酒类服务通常由服务员负责将少量酒倒入酒杯中,让客人鉴别一下品质是否有误。只须把它当成一种形式,喝一小口并回签Good。接着,侍者会来倒酒,这时,不要动手去拿酒杯,而应把酒杯放在桌上由侍者去倒。正确的握杯姿势是用手指轻握杯脚。为避免手的温度使酒温增高,应用大拇指、中指、食指握住杯脚,小指放在杯子的底台固定。 · 11、喝酒的方法。喝酒时绝对不能吸着喝,而是倾斜酒杯,像是将酒放在舌头上似的喝。轻轻摇动酒杯让酒与空气接触以增加酒味的醇香,但不要猛烈遥晃杯子。此外,一饮而尽,边喝边透过酒杯看人,都是失礼的行为。不要用手指擦杯沿上的口红印,用面巾纸擦较好。 · 12、喝汤也不能吸着喝。先用汤匙由后往前将汤舀起,汤匙的底部放在下唇的位置将汤送入口中。汤匙与嘴部呈45°角较好。身体上的半部略微前倾。碗中的汤剩下不多时,可用手指将碗略微抬高。如果汤用有握环的碗装,可直接拿住握环端起来喝。 · 13、面包的吃法。先用两手撕成小块,再用左手拿来吃的原则。吃硬面包时,用手撕不但费力而且面包屑会掉满地,此时可用刀先切成两半,再用手撕成块来吃。避免像用锯子似割面包,应先把刀刺入另一半。切时可用手将面包固定,避免发出声响。 · 14、鱼的吃法。鱼肉极嫩易碎,因此餐厅常不备餐刀而备专用的汤匙。这种汤匙比一般喝汤用的稍大,不但可切分菜肴,还能将调味汁一起舀起来吃。若要吃其他混合的青菜类食物,还是使用叉子为宜。首先用刀在鱼鳃附近刺一条直线,刀尖不要刺透,刺入一半即可。将鱼的上半身挑开后,从头开始,将刀叉在骨头下方,往鱼尾方向划开,把针骨剔掉并挪到盘子的一角。最后再把鱼尾切掉。由左至右面,边切边吃。 · 15、如何使用刀叉。基本原则是右手持刀或汤匙,左手拿叉。若有两把以上,应由最外面的一把依次向内取用。刀叉的拿法是轻握尾端,食指按在柄上。汤匙则用握笔的方式拿即可。如果感觉不方便,可以换右手拿叉,但更换频繁则显得粗野。吃体积较大的蔬菜时,可用刀叉来折叠、分切。较软的食物可放在叉子平面上,用刀子整理一下。 · 16、略事休息时,刀叉的摆法。如果吃到一半想放下刀叉略作休息,应把刀叉以八字形状摆在盘子中央。若刀叉突出到盘子外面,不安全也不好看。边说话边挥舞刀叉是失礼举动。用餐后,将刀叉摆成四点钟方向即可 用力恰当。享用西餐,最重要的用具是刀和叉,用刀切时应由外向内,刀多是用右手。但英国的风俗也有着不同,美国是两手都可切,英国却是用右手。拿刀,左手拿叉,当两手都在桌上时,记住用手臂轻轻压住台面,不要用大力切。 用手吃鸡。西餐里的吃鸡鱼是很讲究的,多数侍者会为你剔除鱼骨,你也可要求他这样做。吃鸡就不同了,因为有些如鸡腿等硬骨不好对付,可干脆用手吃鸡也可以吃得好看。欧洲人吃鸡时也是弃刀用手,但做得比较含蓄,而且备有洗手盆,可随时洗手、擦干。 摆放刀叉。吃主菜需较长时间,当你需要休息一下时,便将你的刀叉放成叉状,千万不要将刀叉顺着同一方向放。那样侍者会过来帮你收走,因为这表示你吃完了。 轻嚼甜品。主食之后是甜品,甜品需要轻轻地用小匙羹切开送进嘴,闭着嘴轻轻嚼,然后慢慢咽下去,女性的仪态便表露无遗。有些甜品如甜汁、雪糕汁等,需用左手轻轻托起,使盘子向外倾斜,用右手的食指、拇指、中指捏住小匙羹,轻轻向外舀,并送入口中,匙羹含在两片嘴唇中轻轻抽出,吃完后将小匙羹留在盘中,侍者会端走的。 勿敲杯子。此时你可上洗手间或补粉了,但是不要加唇膏,因为还有咖啡或茶。当咖啡上来时,记住那小匙羹的作用只供搅拌糖或奶油,并非用来舀咖啡喝的,你只需用它在咖啡中搅动一会儿,这时不要把杯子敲得丁当响,这也是一种仪态。用右手的拇指与食指轻轻端起杯子的扶手,送近口边,身子不要远离桌子太远,否则杯底的污渍滴下来会弄脏衣服,或者也可用左手抬起咖啡碟,右手端起咖啡杯,一起送到口边,慢慢啜饮。

[编辑本段]喝 汤

1、喝汤时,应用勺子舀起,一口一口慢慢喝。 2、不要把嘴凑到碟边咕噜咕噜地喝。 3、不要拿勺子在汤里乱搅。 4、汤喝剩下一小半时,用一只手托起碟子的内侧,使其向外倾斜,再用勺子把剩下的汤舀来喝,勺子要往外舀,不要俯下头喝汤。

[编辑本段]吃主菜(牛排等)

1、 正确方法是:左手持叉, 右手持刀,把牛排切成小块,以一口能吃一块为准。 2、 叉起肉块放进嘴里,咀嚼时要闭上嘴唇。 3、 吃牛排时,切忌用叉子叉起整块牛排咬嚼,也不能动手抓拿。 4、 切肉时,不要两手同时用力摆动,这样既不得力,又难看。 5、 吃东西不要狼吞虎咽,这样不但失礼,而且不利消化。 6、 如要中途离座一会儿,可把刀叉靠在碟子两旁,即是说你还要继续吃,不然,侍者会把你餐碟收走。 7、 用餐完毕,将刀叉放入盘中,表示可以撤下。

[编辑本段]沙拉的吃法

将大片的生菜叶用叉子切成小块,如果不好切可以刀叉并用。一次只切一块。如果沙拉是一大盘端上来则使用沙拉叉。如果和主菜放在一起则要使用主菜叉来吃。如果沙拉是主菜和甜品之间的单独一道菜,通常要与奶酪和炸玉米片等一起食用。奶酪和沙拉要用叉子食用而玉米片则用手拿着吃。如果主菜沙拉配有沙拉酱,很难将整碗的沙拉都拌上沙拉酱,先将沙拉酱浇在一部分沙拉上后再加酱。

[编辑本段]礼节方面

礼节方面 零零总总谈了一些基本西方礼仪,其实最基本的还是爸妈平时生活教养的功夫。如果常常提醒孩子遵守礼貌规矩,让孩子懂得规范自己、尊重别人,相信在国外旅游的时候,也能很快就适应不同的礼节了! 中国自古就是礼仪之邦,西方的礼仪和我国有许多的相似之处。在当前国际交往频繁的形式下,不论是在国内接待外宾或出国访问旅游,不论是将要留学国外或常驻国外工作都有必要学习一下西方的礼仪。 礼节有两个方面:其一要从内心去关心他人的需要和情感;其二要以一定的行为方式表现出来,由此人们通常可以判断我们家庭教养的状况。礼节的实质就是处处为别人着想,这也就是要实行那条金笺:你想别人怎样对待你,你就该怎样对待别人。所谓考虑他人的要点就是要使自己的衣着和举止尽可能让人喜欢。一看到衣着雅致、彬彬有礼的人,你就会觉得日常生活增添了许多乐趣。相反,看到的是衣着不整,礼节不周的人,你就会有明显的缺少什幺以及不舒服和烦恼的感觉。礼仪中国的礼节与西方的礼节有时差别很大。 如果你想同西方人相处和谐,了解西方的礼节是非常重要的。 最简单的问候是说一声"早上好"、"下午好",或"晚上好"。这种问候可以用于你不太熟悉的人或者任何与你匆匆擦肩而过的人。 若你不很匆忙时,对不认识的人可说一声"你好",回答你的也应该是"你好"。 当你第一次与别人见面时,通常要握手。此外,久违的朋友相见时,通常也要握手。然而,相遇时不握手也行,微微鞠一个躬,也是很有礼貌的。 如果谁要和你握手,你当然要同他握手--拒绝握手是非常不礼貌的。通常是由年龄大的一方或者女子先伸出手。 你在向别人问好时,直呼别人的姓名也常常是得体的。你可以说;"早上好,蒙克里夫先生"或"你好,富兰克林"。 有些问候在中国是合乎礼节的,而在西方却不被采用。如果你问候一个西方人说"你上哪儿去?"(Where are you going?)或说"你去哪儿啦?"(Where have you been?)他会想你在打听他的私事,实在是太失礼了。 而如果你说:"你吃过了吗?"(Have you had your dinner?),他可能会认为你想邀请他与你共同进餐。因此,和西方人相处时,你最好使用西方通常的问候方式。 当你受到邀请时,你必须立即作复,明确地说明你究竟能不能接受这次邀请。如果对方是在谈话中或偶然遇见时口头提出邀请的,你就应该立刻回答能不能去。如果当时不能回答,你可以说?quot;我今晚告诉你,行吗?"或诸如此类的话。但不管是口头邀请还是书面邀请,都应当给予明确的回答。 通常来说,表示你的确不能接受邀请的客气的办法是说出你不能不谢绝的理由。只是说一声"我不能去"或"我不去"是不礼貌的。说一声"对不起"也是不够的。只说一声"谢谢",那就只能使人莫名其妙,不知你到底是接受邀请,还是谢绝邀请。 如果你接受了邀请,忽然有事不能赴约。你应当把你不能前往的真实原因告诉对方,接受了邀请而又不赴约是一件极不礼貌的事情。 在经历了饮食习惯的历史沿革之后,当我们都围坐在铺着雪白桌布、摆着锃亮刀叉的餐桌旁时,吃饭已经从只为了充饥的需求而发展成为一种令人愉快在复杂的社会习俗。今天,在你应邀赴宴的时候,你对同桌进餐的人和餐桌上的谈话,大概比对饮食要更感兴趣。实际进餐时,应该尽可能少一些声响,少一些动作。 女主人一拿起餐巾时,你也就可以拿起你的餐巾,放在腿上。有时餐巾中包有一只小面包;如果是那样的话, 就把它取出,放在旁边的小碟上。 在西方,汽车有优先通行权。几个人肩并肩地排成一行走是不礼貌的。因为那样会妨碍别人行走或耽搁别人的时间。 西方店铺,除极少数外,都对商品明码标价,没有讨价还价的习惯。店员们都很客气,尽力为顾客找到满意的商品。顾客也必须很客气,如果看了好几件物品以后,一件都不想买,顾客可以说: "恐怕这些都不是我所需要的,麻烦你了,多谢。" "谢谢你"(Thank you)这名话在西方比在中国用得要更加频繁得多。任何人替你做了一些事,不管事情多小,也不管他是你的上司还是佣人,你都应该说:"谢谢你"。 你讲话完毕以后,千万不要向听众致谢。不要说:"谢谢你们","我谢谢你们",或"多谢你们注意听我讲话"等。讲话完毕时,略微欠欠身就够了,不必要多讲什幺。 当你给别人传递点东西或替人做些小事情而别人谢你时,你不必说什幺,只须笑一笑或点点头就够了。

[编辑本段]为什么打招呼

欧美国家见面打招呼是很自然的,即使是不认识。打招呼的目的,并不是为了要跟你有进一步的交往,只是一种生活礼仪形式。其实不论任何人,面对有人微笑打招呼,都会受到感染,像是见到阳光心情跟着好起来一样,很自然会打招呼响应。因此,在西方国家旅游的时候,如果迎面而来的人对我们说哈啰,别露出一副莫名其妙的表情,甚至置之不理唷!那可是非常失礼的

[编辑本段]怎样打招呼

怎样打招呼? 对方跟你说「How do you do ?」就是「你好」的意思,不用按着课本教的说「Fine, Thank you. And you?」,除非这是你的好朋友,或是你有比较多的时间跟他聊天,不然只要同样回答说「How do you do ?」就够了。如果怕自己英文不好听,至少微笑点个头。有时候他们会说「Hello !」,其实相当于我们的「嗨」,这是同辈或好友之间的应对方式,不适合用在对长辈或地位比较高的人。另外,他们也会问候「Good morning」,「Good afternoon」或「Good evening」,同样问候就可以了。

[编辑本段]女士优先

女士优先的礼规 受中世纪骑士之风的影响,西方国家至今在社会活动及社交场合仍奉行“女士优先”的原则,给妇女各种特权,以表示对女性的尊重。谁不遵守这一成规,谁就被认作失礼。 男士陪女士上车,应先开门,并且用手挡在女士头顶与车门顶之间,协助登车后自己再上车。上下电梯、楼梯或进房间时,女士先行。进入剧场或电影院,也是女士在先,男士在后。只有当需要男士去排除故障或有利于照顾女士时,男士才走在前面。按照西方“以右为尊”的礼节,在一般情况下,男士与女士坐在一起,应让女士在右边;在人行道上,男士应走在靠车道的一边来保护女士。在正式场合,这一礼仪更要一丝不苟地遵守。凡重要会见,都是夫人走在前面,丈夫跟在后面;宴请进餐,也都是先给女士上菜;拜访时,先向女主人致意,告别时,先向女主人道谢。

[编辑本段]宴会礼仪

到达:你最好按时到达,迟到四五分钟也行,但千万不能迟到一刻钟以上,否则到时为难的不是别人,而是你自己。如果去的是富裕而讲究的人家,你进大门时遇到的第一个人可能是个男当差,负责帮你挂衣服或者是给你带路的,所以你先别急着跟他握手,观察一下再决定。 准备:进了客厅,你不要着急找位子坐。西方人在这种场合一般都要各处周旋,待主人为自己介绍其它客人。你可以从侍者送来的酒和其它饮料里面选一杯合适的边喝边和其它人聊天。等到饭厅的门打开了,男主人和女主宾会带着大家走进饭厅,女主人和男主宾应该走在最后,但如果男主宾是某位大人物,女主人和他也许会走在最前面。 入席:西餐入席的规矩十分讲究,席位一般早已安排好,这时,和你同来的先生或女士绝不会被安排坐在你身边。欧美人认为熟人聊天的机会多得很,要趁此机会多交朋友。男女主人分别坐在长方形桌子的上、下方,女主人的右边是男主宾,男主人的右边是女主宾。其它客人的坐法是男女相间。男士在上桌之前要帮右边的女士拉开椅子,待女士坐稳后自己再入座。 大家落座之后,主人拿餐巾,你就跟着拿餐巾。记住:不管这时出现什么情况(如主人有饭前祷告的习惯),主人没拿餐巾之前你不能拿餐巾。 用餐:一般的菜谱是三至五道菜,前三道菜应该是冷盘、汤、鱼,后两道菜是主菜(肉或海鲜加蔬菜)、甜品或水果,最后是咖啡及小点心。吃饭的时候不要把全部的精力都放在胃的享受上,要多和左右的人交谈。甜品用完之后,如果咖啡没有出现,那可能是等会儿请你去客厅喝。总之,看到女主人把餐巾放在桌子上站起来后,你就可以放下餐巾离开座位。这时,懂礼貌的男士又要站起帮女士拉开椅子,受照顾的女士不必对这一前一后的殷勤有特别的想法,这是他应该的。 告别:如果你不想太引人注目,你最好不要第一个告辞,也不要最后一个离开,在这其间你什么时候告辞都可以,只是一旦告辞就应该爽快地离开。

中国餐桌礼仪的作文

中华饮食源远流长。在这自古为礼仪之邦,讲究民以食为天的国度里,饮食礼仪自然成为饮食文化的一个重要部分。中国的饮宴礼仪号称始于周公,千百年的演进,终于形成现在大家普遍接受的一套饮食进餐礼仪,是古代饮食礼制的继承和发展。饮食礼仪已形成一套相当完善的制度,特别是经曾任鲁国祭酒的孔子的称赞推崇而成为历朝历代表现大国之貌、礼仪之邦、文明之所的重要方面。

餐桌礼仪顾名思义就是指在吃饭用餐时在餐桌上的礼仪常识,餐桌礼仪主要表现在以下几个方面:

一、入座的礼仪。先请客人入座上席,在请长者入座客人旁依次入座,入座时要从椅子左边进入。入座后不要动筷子,更不要弄出什么响声来,也不要起身走动。如果有什么事要向主人打招呼。

二、进餐时,先请客人中长者动筷子。夹菜时每次少一些,离自己远的菜就少吃一些,吃饭时不要出声音,喝汤时也不要出声响,喝汤用汤匙一小口一小口地喝,不宜把碗端到嘴边喝,汤太热时凉了以后再喝,不要一边吹一边喝。有的人吃饭喜欢使劲咀嚼脆食物,发出很清晰的声音来,这种做法是不合礼仪要求的,特别是和众人一起进餐时,就要尽量防止出现这种现象。

三、进餐时不要打嗝,也不要出现其他声音,如果出现打喷嚏、肠鸣等不由自主的声响时,就要说一声“真不好意思”、“对不起”、“请原谅”之类的话,以示歉意。

关于餐桌礼仪的英语论文,谢了。

Abstract: With the development of China’s opening-up, more and more Western culture gets into our sight. As we face with unfamiliar cultures and countries, some inevitable cultural conflicts might happen in the communication, which will seriously affect the contacts being carried out smoothly. Table manners have a decisive position in the communication between China and Western countries. During communication we will show our best image and avoid cultural conflicts. Learning and using the right etiquette will not only step up our own impression, but also promote the benefit and strife of the company. This paper focuses on the differences of table manners between the West and China, and analyzes the reasons that caused the differences.

Key words: etiquette, table manner, difference, culture, reason

关于中英餐桌礼仪论文题目的文献综述可以怎么写,求指教

早开始早完成,准备的越充分,你的任务就会完成的越好。这是硬道理,需要你去主动思考这些。当然如果有人带你,肯定事半功倍。

关于中国餐桌礼仪的英语作文

Table Manners

The main difference between Chinese and western eating habits is that unlike the West, where everyone has their own plate of food, in China the dishes are placed on the table and everybody shares. If you are being treated by a Chinese host, be prepared for a ton of food. Chinese are very proud of their culture of cuisine and will do their best to show their hospitality.

And sometimes the Chinese host use their chopsticks to put food in your bowl or plate. This is a sign of politeness. The appropriate thing to do would be to eat the whatever-it-is and say how yummy it is. If you feel uncomfortable with this, you can just say a polite thank you and leave the food there

中国的餐桌礼仪英文作文范文

China Dining Custom

T

able Manners

The main difference between Chinese and western eating habits is that unlike the

West, where everyone has their own plate of food, in China the dishes are placed

on the table and everybody shares. If you are being treated by a Chinese host, be

prepared for a ton of food. Chinese are very proud of their culture of cuisine and

will do their best to show their hospitality.

And sometimes the Chinese host use their chopsticks to put food in your bowl or

plate. This is a sign of politeness. The appropriate thing to do would be to eat the

whatever-it-is and say how yummy it is. If you feel uncomfortable with this, you

can just say a polite thank you and leave the food there.

Eating No-no's

Don't stick your chopsticks upright in the rice bowl.Instead,lay them on your dish.

The reason for this is that when somebody dies,the shrine to them contains a

bowl of sand or rice with two sticks of incense stuck upright in it. So if you stick

your chopsticks in the rice bowl,

it

looks

like this shrine and

is equivalent to

wishing death upon a person at the table!

Make sure the spout of the teapot is not facing anyone. It is impolite to set the

teapot down where the spout

is

facing towards somebody. The spout should

always be directed to where nobody is sitting, usually just outward from the

table.

Don't tap on your bowl with your chopsticks.Beggars tap on their bowls, so this is

not polite.Also, when the food is coming too slow in a restarant, people will tap

their bowls. If you are in someone's home,it is like insulting the cook.

Drinking

Gan Bei! (Cheers! “Gan Bei” literally means “dry [the] glass”) Besides beer

, the

official Chinese alcoholic beverage is Bai Jiu,high-proof Chinese liquor made from

中国的餐桌礼仪英文作文范文

China Dining Custom

T

able Manners

The main difference between Chinese and western eating habits is that unlike the

West, where everyone has their own plate of food, in China the dishes are placed

on the table and everybody shares. If you are being treated by a Chinese host, be

prepared for a ton of food. Chinese are very proud of their culture of cuisine and

will do their best to show their hospitality.

And sometimes the Chinese host use their chopsticks to put food in your bowl or

plate. This is a sign of politeness. The appropriate thing to do would be to eat the

whatever-it-is and say how yummy it is. If you feel uncomfortable with this, you

can just say a polite thank you and leave the food there.

Eating No-no's

Don't stick your chopsticks upright in the rice bowl.Instead,lay them on your dish.

The reason for this is that when somebody dies,the shrine to them contains a

bowl of sand or rice with two sticks of incense stuck upright in it. So if you stick

your chopsticks in the rice bowl,

it

looks

like this shrine and

is equivalent to

wishing death upon a person at the table!

Make sure the spout of the teapot is not facing anyone. It is impolite to set the

teapot down where the spout

is

facing towards somebody. The spout should

always be directed to where nobody is sitting, usually just outward from the

table.

Don't tap on your bowl with your chopsticks.Beggars tap on their bowls, so this is

not polite.Also, when the food is coming too slow in a restarant, people will tap

their bowls. If you are in someone's home,it is like insulting the cook.

Drinking

Gan Bei! (Cheers! “Gan Bei” literally means “dry [the] glass”) Besides beer

, the

official Chinese alcoholic beverage is Bai Jiu,high-proof Chinese liquor made from

中国的餐桌礼仪英文作文范文

China Dining Custom

T

able Manners

The main difference between Chinese and western eating habits is that unlike the

West, where everyone has their own plate of food, in China the dishes are placed

on the table and everybody shares. If you are being treated by a Chinese host, be

prepared for a ton of food. Chinese are very proud of their culture of cuisine and

will do their best to show their hospitality.

And sometimes the Chinese host use their chopsticks to put food in your bowl or

plate. This is a sign of politeness. The appropriate thing to do would be to eat the

whatever-it-is and say how yummy it is. If you feel uncomfortable with this, you

can just say a polite thank you and leave the food there.

Eating No-no's

Don't stick your chopsticks upright in the rice bowl.Instead,lay them on your dish.

The reason for this is that when somebody dies,the shrine to them contains a

bowl of sand or rice with two sticks of incense stuck upright in it. So if you stick

your chopsticks in the rice bowl,

it

looks

like this shrine and

is equivalent to

wishing death upon a person at the table!

Make sure the spout of the teapot is not facing anyone. It is impolite to set the

teapot down where the spout

is

facing towards somebody. The spout should

always be directed to where nobody is sitting, usually just outward from the

table.

Don't tap on your bowl with your chopsticks.Beggars tap on their bowls, so this is

not polite.Also, when the food is coming too slow in a restarant, people will tap

their bowls. If you are in someone's home,it is like insulting the cook.

Drinking

Gan Bei! (Cheers! “Gan Bei” literally means “dry [the] glass”) Besides beer

, the

official Chinese alcoholic beverage is Bai Jiu,high-proof Chinese liquor made from

关于餐桌礼仪的英语作文

  Chinese table manners

  Table manners in Chinese life and order in the full possession of a very important position, they believe, eating is not only way to meet their basic physiological needs method -- is also of paramount importance social experience. To this end, grasp the knowledge of the rules in some Chinese restaurants have become particularly important, whether you are a master, or merely a guest, must have some rules.

  餐桌礼仪在中国人的完整生活秩序中占有一个非常重要的地位,他们认为,用餐不单是满足基本生理需要的方法———也是头等重要的社交经验.为此,掌握某些中式餐饮规则的知识便显得特别重要了,无论你是主人,抑或只是一位客人,都必须掌握一些规则.

  The round table is popular. Because they can sit more people, and we can sit face to face, the head of the family identity and not long shaped the West on the table very clearly through his seat and identification. Guests should be invited to sit down and wait for the owner. The owner must be careful not to call the guests sitting in a seat near the table. This is a taboo.Will have to wait until all the people here can only be the beginning of any form of dining activities -- even if they have to wait for being late. Once you master home place, can do the prologue. During the meal, the owner must assume a proactive role -- urging guests enjoy eating and drinking is entirely reasonable.

  ●圆形餐桌颇受欢迎.因为可以坐更多人,而且大家可以面对面坐,一家之主的身份并不像西方长形餐桌上很清楚地通过他的座位而辨认.客人应该等候主人邀请才可坐下.主人必须注意不可叫客人坐在*近上菜的座位.此为一大忌.必须等到所有人到齐才可以开始任何形式的进餐活动———即使有人迟到也要等.一旦大家就位,主人家便可以做开场白了.进餐期间,主人必须承担一个主动积极的角色———敦促客人尽情吃喝是完全合理的.

  In a typical Chinese-style table looks quite empty, in the eyes of Westerners, especially. Each seat can be seen on the front wheel on a bowl; right is a set of chopsticks and spoons, were placed in their own seat. In formal occasions, there will be napkins, mainly on the lap. In a formal banquet, the dishes of eating like a slide show, each time a dish. Surprisingly, rice, not with the dishes ibid, but you can choose to eat the same. As the dishes have their special characteristics, it should be for individual taste, but once only from a bowl to eat, not mixed taste. Plate is not available to eat, can only bowl. Bones and shells on the individual disk. Not clean the dishes must always be replaced with clean plates.

  ●一张典型中式餐桌看上去相当空,在西方人眼中尤甚.每张座位前可见放在盘上的一只碗;右面是一组筷子与汤匙,分别放在各自的座上.在正式场合上,会出现餐巾,主要放在膝上.

  在正式宴席上,菜式的吃法很像放映的幻灯片,每一次一道菜.令人惊讶的是,米饭不是与菜式同上,不过可以选择同吃.由于菜式各有特色,应该个别品尝,而且一次只从碗中吃一种,不是混合品尝.不可用盘子吃,只能用碗.骨头和壳类放在个别盘中.不干净的盘子必须经常用清洁盘子替换.

  in addition to Tom, the gallery of all the food with chopsticks. May provide a knife and fork, but as the Chinese people, it is best to use chopsticks. Chopsticks are eating a tool, so do not play with the chopsticks -- take them when the drumstick is a very rude way, but can not use chopsticks pointing to the person or motioned. Of course, absolutely can not suck or to chopsticks chopsticks inserted in rice, it is Taboo -- this is like the funeral of incense, is considered unlucky. Again, can not use chopsticks in a non-stop flipping Diecai years, should be the first sights with your eyes you want to get food. When you use chopsticks to pick up one of the food, try to avoid the encounter other food. If possible, use public chopsticks and spoons beside. After dinner or take the food after the end, will chopsticks chopsticks back seat.

  ●除了汤之外,席上一切食物都用筷子.可能会提供刀*,但身为中国人,最好用筷子.筷子是进餐的工具,因此千万不可玩弄筷子———把它们当鼓槌是非常失礼的做法,更不可以用筷子向人指指点点或打手势示意.当然,绝对不可吸吮筷子或把筷子插在米饭中,这是大忌———这正好像葬礼上的香烛,被认为是不吉利的.再有,不可用筷子在一碟菜里不停翻动,应该先用眼睛看准你想取的食物.当你用筷了去取一块食物时,尽量避免碰到其他食物.可能的话,用旁边的公筷和汤匙.吃完饭或取完食物后,将筷子放回筷子座.

  A seat Chinese restaurant without a formal tea and can not claim. Therefore, as far as possible, the storage of different varieties of tea is a sensible approach, to ensure the most sophisticated taste is also taken into account. Issues relating to tea, should pay attention to a few key things. Seats recently teapot people should be responsible for others and themselves --- --, pour the order in accordance with age, from longest to most young persons, the final pour myself. When the people you pour, the protocol should be used finger tapping on the table, this is done to pour expressed gratitude and respect.

  ●一席中式餐饮如果没有茶便称不上正式了.为此,尽可能贮存不同品种的茶是明智的做法,确保最精明的品味也照顾到.有关茶的问题,应该注意几件关键的事.座位最近茶壶的人应该负责为其他人和自己斟茶———斟茶的次序按照年岁,由最长者至最年青者,最后为自己斟.当人家为你斟茶时,礼节上应该用手指轻敲桌子,这样做是对斟茶者表示感谢和敬意.

有没有关于日本餐桌礼仪的日语论文啊~~~~

日本餐桌礼仪

2010-04-09 17:41

日本人餐桌礼仪

日本以其优良的餐桌礼仪见称,你习惯狼吞虎咽之前,必须先学习日本人的优良餐桌礼仪。

用餐前后

日本人在用餐之前及之后都要高声表达两种感受,用餐前要说 “Itadkimasu!”,意思是欣赏这顿饭食;用餐后要说 “Go-chiso-samadeshita!”,意思是感谢款客者预备这顿极美味的饭食。

用餐期间

日本人的一餐饭食包括一碗饭、一碗味噌汤、两道或三道菜肴,配菜越多,那顿饭便越够体面,若有数道菜肴端上餐桌,已令客人颇难选择先品尝那一道。用餐的正确次序是先喝小口热汤,后吃那道菜也可,但不要只集中吃光同一道菜肴,应顺序循环吃每道菜肴,使各份比例均等,才可同一时间吃光所有菜肴。

以下图像列出端上菜肴的次序,并示范各道菜肴在桌上摆位:

1.sakitsuke (开胃菜)

2.zensai (开胃菜)

3.suimono (清汤)

4.sashimi (数片鱼生)

5.nimono (焖海鲜杂菜)

6.yakimono (烤鱼)

7.agemono (炸海鲜杂菜)

8.sunomono (腌海鲜杂菜)

9.gohan (白饭)

10.tomewan (味噌汤)

11.konomono (腌菜)

12.kudamono or mizugashi (水果)

用餐方式

日本人的用餐礼仪似乎严厉,但日本人容许狼吞虎咽式吃法,这吃法甚至令其他国家的人感到惊讶。例如吃寿司,日本人习惯赤手拿著寿司浸一浸豉油,然后直接放入口中,他们不会用筷子吃寿司;又例如吃面,日本人直接从汤碗把面吸啜入口,且必会发出响声,依据日本人的习俗文化,吃面时发出响声是表示面食很美味,亦是对厨师表示赞赏的方式。

祝酒

一顿正统的日式饭食通常备有日本米酒,日本人喜欢在用餐时喝米酒,他们通常会在互相祝酒后才开始用餐,即使客人不想喝,款客者都希望客人会假装喝一小口。

日本茶

日本人深爱茗茶,在同一餐的不同时间会端上不同种类的茶。一般来说,用餐之前会端上绿茶,用餐期间及用餐之后会端上煎茶。

虽然用餐礼仪很重要,但亦要放松自己,尽情享受美味的饭食。

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